Resources | Visually Challenged

Latest Resources

  • Planets Distances: Comprehend the distances of the planets of the solar system using a rope and wooden items.
  • Tactile Constellations: Recognize by touch the different shapes of the constellations and the different brightness of the stars.
  • Star Sizes: Contextualize the different dimensions and the respective proportions of some stars with respect to the Sun.
  • Tactile model to explain planet formation with a manual in many different formats (all developed by NPF). So far only in Spanish (translations to English, French and Chinese will be released soon):
  • Historias de astronomía inclusiva (series of 10 chapters, in Spanish, where different actors in inclusion in astronomy talk to each other about their experiences).
  1. Wanda Diaz-Merced and Érika Labbe: “Astronomy and disability, the right to choose how one wants to participate”:
  2. Francisco Silva, Octavio Oyarzún and Amelia Bayo: “Wonders that unite us: playing with the stars”:
  3. Tracy Catalán and Daniela Fernandez: “Astronomy for everyone: to infinity and beyond”:

Gloria Isidro-Villamizar. Disertación Doctoral: “Modelo de accesibilidad de conceptos matemáticos aplicados en el curso de Astronomía Descriptiva para estudiantes con impedimentos visuales en la UPR”.………9I/abstract

“Marte Con Arte”.

“Galaxia Espiral – Modelo táctil”. 

Gloria M. Isidro and Carmen A. Pantoja. “Tactile Sun: Bringing an Invisible Universe to the Visually Impaired”.

Chandra X-Ray Center: Tactile Universe, 

New: Data sonifications: &

NASA (NASA Braille book lets everyone get a feel for the 2017 Solar Eclipse,”Getting a feel for eclipses”, written and edited by Cassandra Runyon, David Hurd, Joseph Minafra, Cynthia Hall. 

Other Resources

1. A Touch of the Universe

a touch of the universe

2. The Sky at your Fingertips (under update)

the sky at your fingertips

3. From Earth to the Universe

from earth to the universe

4. Meet our Neighbours!

meet our neighbours

5. Touching the Moon

touching the moon

6. The Sky in Your Hands

the sky in your hands

7. Touch the Invisible Sky

touch the invisible sky

8. The Tactile Carina Nebula

the tactile carina nebula

9. Space Exploration Experience (SEE)

Space Exploration Experience

10. Touching the sky with the hands

touching the sky with the hands

11. Your weight in other worlds

your weight in other worlds

12. Surface of Mars

the surface of mars

13. 3D Planets

planets in 3D

14. Chandra Podcasts

Chandra Podcasts

15. Here, There & Everywhere (HTE)

Here, there and everywhere

16. Reach for the Stars

reach for the stars

17. Tactile Star Charts

tactile start charts

18. A Universe of Notes


19. ALMA Sounds 


20. Getting a Feel for Eclipses

21. The Fabric of the Universe – exploring the connection between dark matter and woven textiles.

22. 3D Celestial Maps

23. 3D Constellations of Zodiac


– Assistive Software & Tools – 

1. Free screen reader NVDA for Windows
NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) is a free “screen reader” which enables blind and vision impaired people to use computers. It reads the text on the screen.

2. MathML
Translates numbers and scientific equations and notations to braille and back to text.  Math ML helps to handle equations and scientific notation on the web.

3. Louis Braille Translator
Louis is a free, open source Braille translator for the Mac. It supports forward and back translation, MathML to Nemeth, as well as advanced layout control. Braille files can also be embossed. The program is based off the LibLouis Braille translation library.

4. Conectar Igualdad (Spanish)
Argentinean plan called “Conectar Igualdad”, which distributed, until 2015, one Notebook per student at secondary schools. This resource is for teachers – a guide about blind students and how to use the computer.

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